1.4.1 Terms common to all eurocodes

P(1) Unless otherwise stated in the following, the terminology used in International Standard ISO 8930 applies.

P(2) The following terms are used in common for all Eurocodes with the following meanings:

— Construction works: Everything that is constructed or results from construction operations.3-1 This term covers both building and civil engineering works. It refers to the complete construction comprising both structural and non-structural elements.

— Execution: The activity of creating a building or civil engineering works. The term covers work on site; it may also signify the fabrication of components off site and their subsequent erection on site.

NOTE In English "construction" may be used in certain combinations of words, when there is no ambiguity (e.g. "during construction").

— Structure: Organised combination of connected parts designed to provide some measure of rigidity.4) This term refers to load carrying parts.

— Type of building or civil engineering works: Type of "construction works" designating its intended purpose, e.g. dwelling house, industrial building, road bridge.

NOTE "Type of construction works" is not used in English.

— Form of structure: Structural type designating the arrangement of structural elements, e.g. beam, triangulated structure, arch, suspension bridge.

— Construction material: A material used in construction work, e.g. concrete, steel, timber, masonry.

— Type of construction: Indication of principal structural material, e.g. reinforced concrete construction, steel construction, timber construction, masonry construction.

— Method of construction: Manner in which the construction will be carried out, e.g. cast in place, prefabricated, cantilevered.

— Structural system: The load bearing elements of a building or civil engineering works and the way in which these elements are assumed to function, for the purpose of modelling.

P(3) The equivalent terms in the Community languages are given in Table 1.1.

1.4.2 Special terms used in Part 1 of Eurocode 2

P(1) Plain or lightly reinforced concrete. Reinforced concrete elements, having percentages of longitudinal flexural reinforcement less than the minimum values given in 5.4, should be treated as plain concrete and designed in accordance with Part 1A of Eurocode 2.

P(2) Unbonded and external tendons. For post-tensioned members, where the ducts are permanently ungrouted, and for tendons external to the concrete cross-section (which may be encased in concrete after stressing, or have a protective membrane), the design should accord with the provisions of Part 1D of Eurocode 2. Where tendons are temporarily ungrouted during construction, the provisions of Part 1 apply.

3) This definition accords to the International Standard ISO 6707-1.

The International Standard ISO 6707-1 gives the same definition, however, adds "or a construction works having such an arrangement". For Eurocodes this addition is not used, in order to avoid ambiguous translations.

Table 1.1 — List of equivalent terms in Community languages (to be completed for other Community languages)
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