Introduction And Symbols

1.1 Introduction 5

2 COMPLETE DESIGN EXAMPLE

2.1 Introduction 15

2.2 Basic details of structure, materials and loading 15

2.4 Main beam 20

2.5 Edge beam (interior span) 30

2.6 Columns 34

2.7 Foundation 39

2.9 Staircase 49

3 BEAMS

3.1 Introduction 53

3.2 Design methods for shear 53

3.3 Shear resistance with concentrated loads close to support 63

3.4 Design method for torsion 70

3.5 Slenderness limits 81

4 SLABS

4.1 Solid and ribbed slabs 82

4.2 Flat slabs 109

5 COLUMNS

5.1 Introduction 132

5.2 Capacity check of a section by strain compatibility 132

5.3 Biaxial bending capacity of a section 137

5.4 Braced slender column 141

5.5 Slender column with biaxial bending 143

5.6 Classification of structure 147

5.7 Sway structures 151

6 WALLS

6.1 Introduction 154

6.2 Example 154

7 FOUNDATIONS

7.1 Ground bearing footings 158

7.2 Pilecap design 172

8 SPECIAL DETAILS

8.1 Corbels 180

8.3 Simply supported ends 188

8.4 Surface reinforcement 191

9 PRESTRESSED CONCRETE

9.1 Introduction 193

9.2 Design data 193

9.3 Serviceability limit state 195

9.4 Ultimate limit state 204

9.5 Minimum and maximum areas of reinforcement 207

9.6 Reinforcement summary 207

10 SERVICEABILITY CHECKS BY CALCULATION

10.1 Deflection 208

10.2 Cracking 219

11 DEEP BEAMS

11.1 Introduction 222

11.2 Example 222

12 LOAD COMBINATIONS

12.1 Introduction 236

12.2 Example 1

12.3 Example 2

- continuous beam 1 240

12.4 Example 3

- continuous beam 2 243

12.5 Example 4

13 DESIGN OF BEAM AND COLUMN SECTIONS

13.1 Concrete grades 246

13.2 Singly reinforced rectangular beam sections 246

13.3 Compression reinforcement . . . 248

13.4 Flanged beams 249

13.5 Symmetrically reinforced rectangular columns 249

REFERENCES 256

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