M

p(1M

Mode 2

Mode 3

Mode 1: Complete yielding of the flange Mode 2: Bolt failure with yielding of the flange Mode 3: Bolt failure

Gb is - the bolt elongation length, taken equal to the grip length (total thickness of material and washers), plus half the sum of the height of the bolt head and the height of the nut or - the anchor bolt elongation length, taken equal to the sum of 8 times the nominal bolt diameter, the grout layer, the plate thickness, the washer and half the height of the nut

^x,Rd is the design tension resistance of a T-stub flange Q is the prying force

Mr pE.I.Rd

0 0

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