Famous Dams Of The World

Rogun and Nurek, in Tajikistan, are among the world's highest dams. They rise to a height of more than 1,000 feet (300 meters) each. Some of the world's other major dams are Grande Dixence and Mauvoisin, in Switzerland; Chicoasen, in Mexico; Inguri, in Georgia; Sayano-Shushensk, in Russia; Mica, in Canada; and Guavio, in Colombia. Three of the foreign dams that are constructed of the largest volume of materials are Tarbela, in Pakistan; Lower Usuma, in Nigeria; and Guri, in Venezuela. Dams that form the largest reservoirs in capacity are Owen Falls (Lake Victoria), in Uganda; Bratsk, in Russia; Kariba Gorge, bordering Zambia and Zimbabwe; and Aswan High, in Egypt. One of the oldest great dams is Egypt's Aswan for irrigation on the Nile, finished in 1902. The Dnepr, completed in 1932, was one of the earliest major Soviet dams. Another historical dam is Mettur, on the Cauvery River in India. The world's first dam to furnish hydroelectric power from ocean tides was completed in 1966. It is located on the Rance River, near St-Malo, in France.

The following tables show some of the famous dams of the world with their specifications. In the tables the followings notation was used for simplicity.

M-material in dam (cu yd); RC-Reservoir Capacity (billions of gal) A—Arch;

B—Slab and buttress; C—Concrete; E—Rolled earth fill; G—Gravity;

H—Hydraulic earth fill; M—Multiple arch; R—Rock fill; S—Stone masonry; FC—Flood control; I—Irrigation; M—Mining;

N—Navigation; P—Power; RP—Recreation purposes; RR—River regulation; WS—Water supply; UC—Under construction.

Table 1.1 Highest dams of the world

Name

Location

Type

Purpose

Year

H

L

M

R

Rogun

Taj ikistan

E

P-I

1987

1.066

2.506

81.096.000

3.091

Nurek

Turkm enistan

E

P-I

1980

1.040

2.390

75.864.000

2.745

Grande Dixence

Switzerland

C-G

P

1962

935

2.280

7.792.000

106

Inguri

Russia

A

P-I-FC

1980

892

2.513

4.967.000

261

Vaiont

Italy

A

-

1961

858

624

460.000

-

Tehri

India

E-R

-

UC

856

-

-

935.271

Guavio

Colombia

E-R

-

1989

807

1.280

23.223.000

269

Mica

Canada

E-R

P-FC

1974

794

2.600

42.000.000

6.517

Sayano-Shushenshaya

Russia

A

P-N

1980

794

3.504

11.916.000

8.261

Chicoasen

Mexico

E-R

P

1981

787

1.568

15.700.000

439

Chivor

Colombia

E-R

P

1977

778

919

14.126.000

215

Mauvoisin

Switzerland

C-A

P

1957

777

1.706

2.655.000

48

Oroville

California

E

P-I-FC-WS

1968

770

6.920

78.008.000

1.153

Chirkeyskaya

Russia

A

P-I-FC-WS

1975

764

1.109

1.602.000

734

Bhakra

India

C-G

P-I

1963

742

1.700

5.400.000

2.607

Hoover

USA

C-A-G

P-I-FC-RR

1936

726

1.244

4.400.000

9.696

Contra

Switzerland

A

P

1965

722

1.246

861.000

23

Mrat inj e

Yugoslavia

A

P

1975

722

879

971.000

232

Dworshak

Idaho

G

P-FC-RP

1972

717

3.287

6.500.000

1.125

Glen canyon

USA

C-A-G

P

1964

710

1.560

4.901.000

8.798

Toktogul

Kyrgyzstan

A

P-I

1977

705

1.476

4.186.000

5.148

Daniel Johnson

Canada

C-M

P

1968

703

4.311

2.950.000

37.473

Luzzone

Switzerland

C-A

P

1963

682

1.738

1.739.000

23

Keban

Turkey

E-R-G

P

1974

679

3.881

20.900.000

8.182

Dez

Iran

C-A

P-I

1963

666

696

647.000

882

Almendra

Spain

A-G

P

1970

662

1.860

2.188.000

700

Kolnbrein

Austria

A

P

1978

656

2.054

1.995.000

53

Karun

Iran

A

P-I

1975

656

1.247

1.570.000

766

New Bullard's Bar

USA

A

P-I-FC-RP

1970

637

2.200

2.700.000

557

New Melones

USA

E-R

P-I-FC-RP

1975

625

1.600

15.970.000

782

Table 1.2 L arg est dams of the world

Name

Location

Type

Purpose

Year

H

L

M

R.

New Cornelia Tailings

USA

E

M

1973

98

36,500

274,026,000

6

TarbelaName

Pakistan

E-R

P-I

1976

470

9,000

159,200,000

3,617

Fort Peck

USA

H

P-I-FC-N

1940

250

21,026

125,612,000

6,234

Lower Usuma

Nigeria

E

-

1990

528

14,531

121,640,000

26

Ataturk

Turkey

E-R

-

1990

604

5,971

110,522,000

-

Guri

Venezuela

E-R-G

P

1986

531

30,853

101,819,000

36,720

Yacyreta-Apipe

Argentina-Paraguay

E-G

P-I-WS-RP

UC

108

164,000

95,063,000

4,464

Oahe

USA

E

P-I-FC-N

1963

245

9,300

92,008,000

7,687

Mangla

Pakistan

E

P-I

1967

380

11,000

85,872,000

1,678

Gardiner

Canada

E

P-I-WS

1968

223

16,700

85,743,000

2,607

Afsluitdijk

The Netherland

E

FC-WS

1932

62

10,500

82,927,000

1,585

R ogun

Tajikistan

E

P-I

1987

1,066

2,506

81,096,000

3,091

Oroville

USA

E

P-I-FC-WS

1968

770

6,920

78,008,000

1,153

San Luis

USA

E

P-I

1967

382

18,600

77,666,000

664

Nurek

Turkmenistan

E

P-I

1980

1,040

2,390

75,864,000

2,745

Garrison

USA

E

P-I-FC-N

1956

203

11,300

66,506,000

7,925

Oosterschelde

The Netherland

E-G

FC-WS

1986

164

29,528

65,397,000

-

Cochiti

USA

E

FC-RP

1957

253

26,891

64,631,000

167

Tabka

Syria

E

P-I-FC

1975

197

14,764

60,168,000

3,698

Kiev

Ukraine

E-G

P-N

1964

72

177,448

57,552,000

984

Aswan High

Egypt

E-R

P-I-RP

1970

364

12,565

57,203,000

44,642

Bennett

Canada

E

P

1967

600

6,700

57,203,000

18,575

Tucurui

Brazil

E-G

P-N-WS

1984

282

13,779

56,244,000

8,982

Mission Trailing #2

USA

E

-

1973

128

-

52,435

15

Fort Randall

USA

E

P-I-FC-N

1956

165

10,700

50,205,000

1,858

Kanev

Ukraine

E

P

1974

82

52,950

49,520,000

692

Itumbiara

Brazil

E-G

-

1980

328

21,981

47,088,000

4,499

Table 1.3 Dams with greatest reservoir

Name

Location

Type

Purpose

Year

H

L

M

R

Owen Falls

Uganda

C-G

P-I

1954

100

2,725

-

54,091

Bratsk

Russia

E-C-G

P-N-WS

1964

410

16,864

18,283,000

44,713

Aswan High

Egypt

E-R

P-I-RP

1970

364

12,565

57,203,000

44,642

Kariba Gorge

Zambia-Z imbabwe

C-A

P

1959

420

2,025

1,350,000

42,361

Akosomb o

Ghana

R

P

1965

463

2,100

10,400,000

39,102

Daniel Johnson

Canada

C-M

P

1968

703

4,311

2,950,000

37,473

Guri

Venezuela

E—RG

P

1986

531

30,853

101,819,000

36,720

Krasnoyarsk

Russia

C-G

P-FC-N

1972

407

3,493

5,685,000

19,364

Bennet

Canada

E

P

1967

600

6,700

57,203,000

18,575

Zeyskaya

Russia

B

P-I-FC

1975

369

2,343

3,139,000

18,069

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