## How To Draw Flow Net Seepage By Hand

Fig. 2.7 Flow net for seepage beneath a dam. Fig. 2.7 Flow net for seepage beneath a dam. maximum along a path normal to the equipotentials and in isotropic soil the flow follows the paths of the steepest gradients, so that flow lines cross equipotential lines at right angles. Figure 2.7 shows a typical flow net representing seepage through a soil beneath a dam. The flow is assumed to be two dimensional, a condition that covers a large number of seepage problems encountered in practice. From...

## Newmark Influence Diagram Soil

With the Newmark chart in Fig. 4.8, determine the vertical stress increment at a depth of 5 m in Example 4.4. As z is 5 m, the distance AB on the chart represents 5 m to the same scale as that to which the foundation must be drawn. Owing to the symmetry only a quarter of the foundation need be considered Fig. 4.8 , the number of influence units enclosed by this quarter being 13.9. 7Z 4 x 13.9 x 200 x 0.005 56kN m2 This method is simple but can become very tedious it is used for peculiarly...