Notes and references

1. From the foreword to EN 1537. The forewords to the other execution standards carry similar wording.

2. Five of the thirteen execution standards (all of 1999-2001 vintage) use the singular word 'work' instead of 'works' in their titles. Why the title of this suite includes the word 'special' is a mystery.

3. BS EN 1536: 2000, Execution of special geotechnical work - Bored piles, British Standards Institution.

4. BS EN 12699: 2001, Execution of special geotechnical work -Displacement piles, British Standards Institution.

5. BS EN 14199: 2005, Execution of special geotechnical works - Micropiles, British Standards Institution.

6. BS EN 12063: 1999, Execution of special geotechnical work - Sheet pile walls, British Standards Institution.

7. BS EN 1538: 2000, Execution of special geotechnical works - Diaphragm walls, British Standards Institution.

8. BS EN 1537: 2000, Execution of special geotechnical work - Ground anchors, British Standards Institution.

10. BS 8081: 1989, Code of practice for ground anchorages, British Standards Institution.

11. BS EN 14475: 2006, Execution of special geotechnical works - Reinforced fill, British Standards Institution.

12. Foreword to BS EN 14475, ibid.

13. BS 8006: 1995, Code of practice for strengthened/reinforced soils and other fills, British Standards Institution.

14. National foreword to BS EN 14475, ibid.

15. See NA.4 of the UK National Annex to BS EN 1997-1, ibid.

16. prEN 14490: 2002, Execution of special geotechnical works - Soil nailing, British Standards Institution.

17. BS EN 12715: 2000, Execution of special geotechnical work - Grouting, British Standards Institution.

18. BS EN 12716: 2001, Execution of special geotechnical works - Jet grouting, British Standards Institution.

19. BS EN 14679: 2005, Execution of special geotechnical works - Deep mixing, British Standards Institution.

20. BS EN 14731: 2005, Execution of special geotechnical works - Ground treatment by deep vibration, British Standards Institution.

21. BS EN 15237: 2007, Execution of special geotechnical works - Vertical drainage, British Standards Institution.

22. Institution of Civil Engineers (2007) ICE specification for piling and embedded retaining walls (2nd edition), London: Thomas Telford Publishing.

23. For example, Phear, A., Dew, C., Ozsoy, B., Wharmby, N.J., Judge, J., and Barley, A. D. (2005) Soil nailing - best practice guidance, London: CIRIA C637.

24. Compiled from the forewords to ENs 1536, 1537, 1538,12699, 12715, 14199, and 15237.

25. Federation of Piling Specialists (2008, pers. comm.).

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