Notes and references

1. See, for example, Clayton, C. R. I., Milititsky, J., and Woods, R. I. (1993) Earth pressure and earth-retaining structures (2nd edition), Glasgow, Blackie Academic & Professional, 398pp.

2. See §3.2.2.2 of BS 8002: 1994, Code of practice for earth retaining structures, British Standards Institution, with Amendment 2 (dated May 2001).

3. See BS 8102: 1990, Code of practice for protection of structures against water from the ground, British Standards Institution.

4. See Clayton et al., ibid., for further discussion of this point.

5. The procedure is not attributed in Annex C, but appears to have been developed by Brinch-Hansen. See Christensen, N. H., (1961) Model tests on plane active earth pressures in sand, Bulletin No. 10, Copenhagen: Geoteknisk Institut, 19pp. A new derivation is provided by Hansen, B. (2001) Advanced theoretical soil mechanics, Bulletin No. 20, Lyngby: Dansk Geoteknisk Forening, 541pp.

6. EN 14475: 2006, Execution of special geotechnical works - Reinforced fill, European Committee for Standardization, Brussels.

7. BS 8006: 1995, Code of practice for strengthened/reinforced soils and other fills, British Standards Institution.

8. Forward to EN 14475, ibid.

9. Chapman, T., Taylor, H., and Nicholson, D. (2000) Modular gravity retaining walls - design guidance, CIRIA C516, London: CIRIA, 202pp.

10. EN 1992, Eurocode 2 — Design of concrete structures, European Committee for Standardization, Brussels.

11. EN 1996, Eurocode 6 — Design of masonry structures, European Committee for Standardization, Brussels.

12. Bond A. J., Brooker, O., Harris, A. J., Harrison, T., Moss, R. M., Narayanan, R. S., and Webster, R. (2006) How to design concrete structures using Eurocode 2, The Concrete Centre, Camberley, Surrey, 98pp.

13. Institution of Structural Engineers (2006), Manual for the design of concrete building structures to Eurocode 2, London; and (2008) Manual for the design of plain masonry in building structures to Eurocode, London.

14. For example BS 8004: 1986, Code of practice for foundations, British Standards Institution.

Chapter 12

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