Notes and references

1. EN 1991-4, Eurocode 1 — Actions on structures, Part 4: Silos and tanks, European Committee for Standardization, Brussels.

2. EN 1993-4-1, Eurocode 3 — Design of steel structures, Part 4-1: Silos, European Committee for Standardization, Brussels.

3. See, for example, Clayton, C. R. I., Milititsky, J., and Woods, R. I. (1993) Earth pressure and earth-retaining structures (2nd edition), Glasgow, Blackie Academic & Professional, 398pp.

4. UK National Annex to BS EN 1997-1: 2004, Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design — Part 1: General rules, British Standards Institution.

5. Gaba, A. R., Simpson, B., Powrie, W., and Beadman, D. R. (2003) Embedded retaining walls - guidance for economic design, CIRIA Report C580, London: CIRIA, 390pp.

6. BS 5950: 2000, Structural use of steelwork in building, British Standards Institution.

7. BS 8110: 1997, Structural use of concrete, British Standards Institution.

8. Nicholson, D., Tse, C-M., and Penny, C. (1999) The Observational Method in ground engineering: principles and applications, CIRIA Report R185, London: CIRIA, 214pp.

9. See §3.2.2.2 of BS 8002: 1994, Code of practice for earth retaining structures, British Standards Institution, with Amendment 2 (dated May 2001).

10. See BS 8102: 1990, Code of practice for protection of structures against water from the ground, British Standards Institution.

11. Terzaghi K. (1954) 'Anchored bulkheads', Trans. Am. Soc. Civ. Engrs, 199, pp. 1243-1280.

13. Padfield, C. J., and Mair, R. J. (1984) Design of retaining walls embedded in stiff clays, CIRIA Report RP104, London: CIRIA, 146pp.

14. EAU (2004), Recommendations of the committee for Waterfront Structures Harbours and Waterways (8th edition), Berlin: Ernst & Sohn, 636pp.

15. British Steel (1997), Piling handbook (7th edition), Scunthorpe: British Steel plc.

17. Canadian Geotechnical Society (2006), Canadian Foundation Engineering Manual (4th edition), Calgary: Canadian Geotechnical Society, 488pp.

19. Padfield and Mair, ibid.

20. Meyerhof, G. G. (1976), 'Bearing capacity and settlement of pile foundations', J. Geotech. Engng, Am. Soc. Civ. Engrs, 102(GT3), pp. 197-228.

21. Kezdi, A. (1972), 'Stability of rigid structures', Proc. 5th European Conf. on Soil Mech. and Found. Engng, 2, pp. 105-130.

22. UK National Annex, ibid.

24. Kerisel, J., and Absi, E. (1990), Active and passive earth pressure tables (3rd edition), Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema, 220pp.

25. The procedure is not attributed in Annex C, but appears to have been developed by Brinch Hansen. See Christensen, N.H. (1961) Model tests on plane active earth pressures in sand, Bulletin No. 10, Copenhagen: Geoteknisk Institut, 19pp. A new derivation is provided by Hansen, B.

(2001) Advanced theoretical soil mechanics, Bulletin No. 20, Lyngby: Dansk Geoteknisk Forening, 541pp.

27. Simpson, B., and Driscoll, R. (1998) Eurocode 7 - a commentary, Garston: BRE.

28. See, for example, Driscoll, R. M. C., Powell, J. J. M., and Scott, P. D. (2008, in preparation) EC7 — implications for UK practice, CIRIA Report RP701, London: CIRIA.

29. Padfield and Mair, ibid.

32. A similar approach is described in Frank, R., Bauduin, C., Kavvadas, M., Krebs Ovesen, N., Orr, T., and Schuppener, B. (2004), Designers' guide to EN 1997-1: Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design — General rules, London: Thomas Telford.

33. See Bauduin, C. (2005), 'Some considerations on the use of finite element methods in ultimate limit state design', Proc. Int. Workshop on the Evaluation of Eurocode 7 (ed. T. Orr), Dublin, pp. 183-211.

35. EN 1992, Eurocode 2 — Design of concrete structures, European Committee for Standardization, Brussels.

36. EN 1993, Eurocode 3 — Design of steel structures, European Committee for Standardization, Brussels.

37. EN 1995, Eurocode 5 — Design of timber structures, European Committee for Standardization, Brussels.

38. EN 1996, Eurocode 6 — Design of masonry structures, European Committee for Standardization, Brussels.

39. See, for example, CIRIA 104, ibid.

Chapter 13

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