Vertical Effects Of Nosing

A 0,5 x (LM71+SW 0) instead of (LM71+SW 0) where vertical traffic actions favourable. b Valid for heavy freight traffic limited to a maximum speed of 120 km h. c a 1 to avoid double counting the reduction in mass of train with f d See 6.5.1(3) regarding vertical effects of centrifugal loading. Vertical load effect of centrifugal loading less any reduction due to cant should be enhanced by the relevant dynamic factor. When determining the vertical effect of centrifugal force, factor f to be...

Traffic Loads On Bridges

Compound Microscope Ray Diagram Easy

(2) For any combination of traffic loads together with actions specified in other Parts of EN 1991, any such group should be considered as one action. NOTE For the individual components of the traffic loads on footbridges, the other representative values are defined in EN 1990, A2. 5.6 Actions for accidental design situations for footbridges - road traffic under the bridge (i.e. collision) or - the accidental presence of a heavy vehicle on the bridge. NOTE Other collision forces (see 2.3) may...

Section Actions on footways cycle tracks and footbridges

1 Load models defined in this section are applicable to footways, cycle tracks and footbridges. 2 The uniformly distributed load qfk defined in 5.3.2.1 and the concentrated load Qwk defined in 5.3.2.2 should be used for road and railway bridges as well as for footbridges, where relevant see 4.5, 4.7.3 and 6.3.6.2 1 . All other variable actions and actions for accidental design situations defined in this section are intended only for footbridges. NOTE 1 For loads on access steps, see 6.3 in EN...

Dispersal Of Load Through Backfill Curocode

The horizontal force, acting transversely, may be applied 100 mm below the top of the selected vehicle restraint system or 1,0 m above the level of the carriageway or footway, whichever is the lower, and on a line 0,5 m long. NOTE 2 The values of the horizontal forces given for the classes A to D derive from measurements during collision tests on real vehicle restraint systems used for bridges. There is no direct correlation between these values and performance classes of vehicle restraint...