Chemistry Of Bromine Chloride

Various organic and inorganic species that act as reducing agents react with and destroy free halogen residuals during interaction with microorganisms (see Figure 2.13 for examples of competitive reactions). Competitive reactions depend on the reactivity of the chemical species, temperature, contact time, and pH. The quality of the effluent and the method of adding the disinfectant also help determine the specific reaction pathways. Bromine chloride is about 40 percent dissociated into bromine and chlorine in most solvents. Because of its high reactivity and fast equilibrium, BrCl often generates products that result almost entirely from it. This is illustrated by the disinfectant products shown in Figure 5. The major portion of the BrCl is eventually reduced to inorganic bromides and chlorides, with the exception of addition and substitution reactions with organic constituents.

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